The main data

Oblast Vinnytsia Oblast
Raion Vinnytsia City Municipality
Founded 1363
- Total 60.94 km² (23.5 sq mi)
- Total 350,400
- Density 5,066/km² (13,120.9/sq mi)
Postal code 21000-
Area code(s) +380 43
(Data are used from free encyclopedia)

A short history

    Vinnytsia (Ukrainian: Вінниця, Vinnytsya) (also known by other names) is a city located on the banks of the Southern Buh River, in central Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Vinnytsia Oblast (province), as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Vinnytsky Raion (district) within the oblast. The city itself is also designated as its own separate raion within the oblast, and rests in the historic region of Podillia.
    The current estimated population is 350,400.
    Since the end of World War II, Vinnytsia has been the home for a major Air force base, including an airfield, a hospital, arsenals, and other military installations. The Ukrainian Air Force Command has been based in Vinnytsia since 1992.
    A long lasting warm summer with a sufficient quantity of moisture and a comparatively short winter is characteristic of Vinnytsia. The average temperature in January is -5.8 °C and 18.3 °C in July. The average annual precipitation is 638 mm.
    Throughout the year, 6-9 days per year include snowstorms, 37-60 days of the year include mists during the cold period, and 3-5 days include thunder storms with hail.
    Vinnytsia has been an important trade and political center since as early as the sixteenth century. More specifically, the city played a significant role during the Cossack wars as well as during World War II. Great Purge victims' graves were exhumed by the Germans in 1943.
    Adolf Hitler sited his easternmost headquarters FHQ Wehrwolf near the town and spent a number of weeks there in 1942 and early 1943.
    Vinnytsia is also known by a variety of other names, such as Vinnytsya, Vinnitsa (Russian: Винница) and Vinnica (Polish: Winnica). Some of these reflect names in foreign languages that have had historical influences on the city.

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